Hospital Administration

Management is a field that is absolutely essential in every industry; be it in business, health care, or commercial. Since the health care is a vast field, proper management and administration is quite complicated. To fill this requirement, there are personnel recruited who are referred to as hospital administrators. These administration experts are also known as medical and health services managers or medical office managers. These are generally employed by big hospitals or small medical settings for administrative purposes.

Job Description

The primary role of a hospital administrator is to make sure that the quality and service of the medical facility is satisfactory. A point to note is that the duties of these professionals majorly depend on how big the medical facility is. In a big hospital, there would generally be a hospital administrator managing the work of several assistant administrators assigned to different areas of work. The areas worked on are nursing, operation, therapy, medical records, and administration. On the other hand, in a small facility, there will be just one hospital administrator who takes care of all areas of patient care and services rendered.

A hospital administrator acts as a liaison between the top management, department managers, and medical staff, and coordinate will all these entities to ensure smooth operations. He has to meet with the top management officials to devise, implement, and manage policies for utmost patient care and best services from the facility. Sometimes, they also participate in budget planning of the clinical facility. The job description also includes carrying out events and camps like fundraising and community health planning.

Since large medical facilities run round the clock, hospital administrators are required to work irregular hours and late nights in case of emergencies. As this job is concerned with administration and overall management, these specialists are required to be familiar with the changing laws and regulations, advances in health care technology and medicine, health insurance, and other aspects. They are the first point of contact in case of any issue from the public.

Becoming a Hospital Administrator

When it comes to working as a hospital administrator, both education and experience are valued alike. Those thinking of entering this area should typically have a bachelor’s degree in business administration, health sciences, or health services. With this degree, you can set out your career as an administrative assistant in a health care setting. After working for around five years in this position, you can move forward to a career as a hospital administrator. You can have better job and earning prospects if you hold a master’s in the above mentioned subjects.

Salary Range

Classification by Years of Experience
0 to 1 Year: $43,000 – $69,000
1 to 4 years: $50,000 – $85,500
5 to 9 years: $59,000 – $102,500
10 to 19 years: $75,200 – $125,000
20 or more years: $86,500 – $154,500

Classification by State
Virginia: $62,500 – $117,000
Illinois: $71,000 – $131,000
New York: $59,000 – $103,500
California: $64,000 – $129,000
Pennsylvania: $59,000 – $102,000

Classification by City
New York City: $62,500 – $132,250
Los Angeles: $70,000 – $139,000
Dallas: $45,000 – $81,500
Chicago: $69,000 – $131,000
Atlanta: $42,500 – $92,500

Hospital administration jobs are not for everyone. In order to be successful in these jobs, a person should be good with time management, decision-making, administration and management, communication, and be physically and mentally stable. The median pay of a hospital administrator is considered to be around $60,000 per annum.

Quit Smoking While Pregnant

  • It is no secret that smoking is a very harmful and bad addiction. In fact, it’s absolutely correct to say that ‘smoking kills’. And once you are into smoking, it becomes even more difficult to quit. Smoking is a hazardous addiction which can lead to serious health ailments like cancer, lung and heart diseases, problems with circulation, skin and eyes problems, etc. In extreme cases it can even cause death. Smoking in fact lowers your lifespan. And in pregnancy, it doubles the effects as the child also becomes the victim. A woman should literally not dare to touch a cigarette once she knows about her pregnancy, as it affects the baby’s health, and in severe cases, it can lead to miscarriages, abortions, premature delivery, and low birth weight.

    Hazardous Effects of Smoking During Pregnancy

    A single cigarette contains thousands of harmful chemicals and compounds, like cyanide, lead, nicotine and carbon monoxide. When you smoke, the chemicals enter your body and indirectly enters the baby’s body through the blood stream. Nicotine and carbon monoxide narrow down the arteries and this results in lowered oxygen supply to the baby. Babies born to pregnant smokers are more prone to severe health conditions like sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), asthma and lung disorders. Smoking also affects the baby’s brain and can lead to learning disabilities and behavioral problems in future. Smoking a pack of cigarettes daily can lower the baby’s weight by about a pound, and low body weight in a baby means stunted growth in the future too. The harmful effects of smoking in pregnant woman include vaginal bleeding and delivery problems, which includes ectopic pregnancy, which is a kind of abnormal pregnancy in which the fetus (baby) cannot survive and a still birth takes place, in which the baby dies in the uterus itself.

    Quitting Smoking When Pregnant

    After reading the harmful effects of cigarette smoking, anyone would expect the person to quit cigarettes automatically. But this thing never happens. Smoking is such an addiction that one tends to ignore the body health and the cigarette becomes dearer than the health. This is a real challenge. Following are some of the ways and tips to motivate and quit smoking specially when you are pregnant.

  • Visualize the Baby- Think of your baby when you get an impulse to smoke. Pregnancy is one of the best phases of a woman’s life and every woman dreams of giving birth to a healthy baby. As seen in the earlier paragraph, smoking is so hazardous for your baby’s health, so stop smoking at least for your baby’s sake.
  • Go Cold Turkey- Another method is giving up smoking completely at one go. This is often referred as the cold turkey method. This method can be tough for some as it involves giving up cigarettes completely. In this method, you are supposed to throw away all your cigarette packs, ashtrays and lighters. This technique demands strong willpower, and if you are a heavy smoker you could experience some withdrawal symptoms like depression and stress.
  • Stay Happy- Pregnancy is a happy phase and you should enjoy this phase, so don’t let any kind of stress bother you as stress is an open invitation to a cigarette and other health ailments.
  • Manage Your Surroundings- It’s always better to announce your plans to quit smoking to all your friends and acquaintances, because it’s like a commitment. You should feel free to ask them to not to smoke when you are around as you might get an urge to smoke. Passive smoking is also very harmful.
  • Don’t Give Up- Even if you experience symptoms like depression and cannot control that craving for a cigar, don’t give up. Instead engage yourself in some other activity, so that your mind is diverted.
  • Train Your Mind- The mind is an amazing machine, with immense power. Fix it in your mind that you wouldn’t give in to the cigarette urge, your mind has powers to help you control the craving.
  • Prepare a Notebook- Jot down in a notebook all the reasons on why you have to stop smoking. Also write the harmful effects of smoking in this notebook. If you get an urge to smoke, go through this notebook, your interest would automatically diminish.
  • Enjoy the Benefits of a Healthy Life- Your decision to quit smoking means, you have chosen to live a healthy life. Be positive about your decision and enjoy the new lifestyle. You can also join a good pregnancy class where you would find like-minded friends. Deep breathing exercises are also very good for relieving stress and makes one strong.
  • Be Strong- Don’t let cigarettes become your weakness. You should be strong enough to live without any addiction. It will also give you a feeling of satisfaction that you can live life without the puff.
  • Use Nicotine Alternatives- This one is the least recommended tip, but you can go for it in extreme cases. Giving up smoking can be a tough task, especially if you are into this habit for years. But now the demand of time is that you quit it completely and immediately. If on some occasion, the urge is very strong, you can indulge in some nicotine replacements like a nicotine chewing gum. But remember that you should have the replacements only if the urge is very strong.

Ladies, think about the happiness the ‘little bundle of joy’ would give you once he/she arrives, and use this joy as a tool to repel that dangerous stick, called cigarette.

Jogging Tips for Women

Before you start with jogging, I will recommend some jogging tips for women. They will save you from illnesses and injuries, keep you safe, and help you to lead a healthy life.

Like we all know, there are many benefits of jogging. Hence, these days we observe many people have taken up this exercise in a big way. As a woman jogger, there are some health and safety issues you must not neglect.

Jogging Techniques for Women

Great that you have chosen jogging, which is considered to be one of the best aerobic exercises. An important point to note is to know the area you are jogging in. If you are traveling and staying at a hotel, you can ask the hotel staff for information and directions. They will be able to tell you whether it is recommended to go for a jog in that area. Always be on guard, and remember muggers and sexual predators always look for easy targets. If you are listening to music as you jog, there is a possibility that you won’t pay attention to your surroundings and become an easy prey. At the same time, you will not be able to hear vehicles passing by, which will increase your chances of getting into an accident. For these same reasons, it is advisable not to jog at night.

You can choose a jogging partner if you want. Your spouse, neighbor, pet dog, etc., can become your partner. Stick to the main roads as much as possible, and always jog on the opposite side of traffic. If you notice a large dumper or truck, avoid going near it. These are perfect hiding places for people with wrong intentions. As a woman jogger, it is recommended that you carry a safety device, like a small bottle of pepper spray, to protect yourself. You can also think of learning some self defense techniques to guard yourself.

Tips for Beginners

Now, let’s turn our attention towards jogging tips for beginners. Before you start jogging, it is always recommended to talk to your health care professional. Once your doctor gives you the green signal, you can start with this exercise. You may need to start with a brisk walk or power walk so as to bring your fitness level to a certain point, from where you can start jogging. Also, you should buy the shoes that are most appropriate for jogging.

It is common to experience aches and pains as a result of bad shoes. When you are new to jogging, there is a possibility that you will push yourself over the limit. This is the biggest mistake. Never push your body beyond its limit, as chances are high that you will injure yourself. Always carry water while exercising, and have a sip after small intervals to keep your body hydrated. Maintain consistency in your training. You can chalk out a training program for yourself. It can be a 30 minute training thrice a week. When you come to the end of your training session, always taper down your practice so that your muscles relax and cool down. The last tip is to enjoy your jogging sessions.

Tips to Lose Weight

Jogging is no doubt a very good way of losing weight. As a matter of fact, it is a very good cardiovascular exercise. It is more intense than swimming and rowing, hence the number of calories burned are much more as well.

I would like to tell you that although jogging for weight loss is a good idea, you should avoid it if you do not have the required fitness level, as it can lead to injuries. It is always good to chalk out a routine for yourself. At the same time, sticking to it is equally important. A warm up is necessary before you start jogging. Stretching helps a great deal in this regard. You can start with a brisk walk and then start jogging. Pay attention to your posture, as a wrong posture can cause injury. At the end of the exercise session, always perform a few exercises for strength training, as it will help you in weight loss.

If you reach a plateau in your weight loss, you can make changes to your routine. You can start jogging with some weights. The other variation to derive maximum benefits of jogging is to sprint for a couple of minutes in between. It will also help you increase your endurance and stamina.

The mantra to be followed along with all the tips is consistency. Do not skip your routine. If you are diligent, you will certainly achieve your target. There is nothing better than the feeling that one experiences after a good sweat-filled workout, so go ahead, grab a pair of jogging shoes, and hit the track.

Disease Prevention

Root cause of all diseases is unhygienic living conditions and an unhealthy lifestyle. The two may either coexist or may overpower one another. A few precautionary steps can go a long way in protecting you from falling ill.

Germs and unhygienic surroundings are the main cause of diseases. Once you are caught up in the vicious cycle of sickness, your immunity weakens and the body gets susceptible to a list of other unwanted troubles. All it takes is following simple rules of hygiene which can save a stitch in nine. Disease prevention tips focus on maintaining a healthy and clean environment to keep all the maladies at bay. Your age, sex and family history also plays a vital role in determining the course of disease prevention.

Prevention is always better than cure. Thus, it is imperative that one needs to understand the importance of a healthy lifestyle to prevent irreparable damages to body, later in life. Many lose a lifetime’s savings in treating medical conditions which could have been avoided in the first place. No wonder that they say, health is wealth! So, take a look at some of the basic tips to prevent disease which can go a long way in keeping your body fit as a fiddle.

Tips to Prevent Disease

Basic Hygiene

✍ Basic rules of hygiene are taught to us at a very young age. However, as we grow older, they are reduced to just a forlorn memory. Let’s recapitulate some of those important lessons from first grade.

✍ Taking a warm water bath and brushing your teeth twice a day is the most easiest thing to do. This cleans your body from all the sweat, germs, dirt, grime and remnants of food particles which are stuck between your teeth. This the simplest way of keeping away from fungal infections and maintaining oral hygiene.

✍ Prevent exchange of clothes and preferably wear a clean set of clothes everyday. This will keep your skin healthy and clean.

✍ How many of us actually wash our hands before starting a meal? Answer this honestly and do remember to wash your hands before and after the meal with soap and water. This disinfects your nails and hands, thereby preventing entry of worms or germs in the body.

✍ Keeping your surroundings clean such as cleaning your bathrooms, cleaning and washing the utensils immediately after using them, sweeping the floors and vacuuming every crevice of the place is very important. Living in clean spaces determines your health in more ways than one.

Right Cooking

✍ You are what you eat. Thus, you need to cook your meals well, to eat the right kind of food. Improving your cooking methods will ensure that you do not fall prey to instances of food poisoning.

✍ Before you start cooking, wash your hands with soap and water. Then, clean all the utensils with a dry cloth. If the vessels have been lying around for a while, wash them with dish washing soap and water.

✍ While cooking any kind of meat, make sure that they are fresh cuts. Fresh meat is always better than the stale one and healthier for the body too. Clean it thoroughly with water and only then begin cooking them.

✍ While cooking vegetables, ensure that they are washed. If you accidentally consume pesticides or insecticides, it can lead to serious damage.

✍ After you are done with cooking, remove the cooked food in washed containers and preferably serve it hot, as chances of it being infected by bacteria are less.

Exercise Regime

✍ Exercise is an important part of preventing diseases of any kind. A little exercise every day can helps you build a healthy body over the years.

✍ A 20-30 minute cardiovascular exercise everyday is good enough to prevent common colds and fevers. Additionally, exercises such as running, jogging or playing a sport helps in relieving congestion.

✍ It tones your body and strengthens muscles, keeping problems such as obesity, diabetes and even osteoporosis at bay.

✍ Small efforts to be fit in young age, pays off heavily in the old age. So, start early to reap high profit dividends of health!

Improving Diet

✍ Small changes in your diet habits can prevent diseases. For instance, avoiding junk food or street food, will avert chances of obvious food poisoning.

✍ Instead of eating fried food, loaded with unwanted fats, switch to a healthier diet consisting of green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits.

✍ Include a lot of citrus food items in your meal, as they help in building a strong immune system. Their inherent anti fungal properties help the body deal with lack of immunity towards certain fungi.

✍ Snack on nuts and fruits in between meals if you get hungry. These are rich sources of antioxidants which salvage the body from cancerous effects.

Strengthening Immunity

✍ The most important part of disease prevention is, building an unfaltering immune system.

✍ To improve your immunity, following basic rules of hygiene, eating right, following a fitness regime and sleep right is very important. All of this contributes to make the body resistant to common diseases.

✍ Stay away from cigarettes, alcohol and other intoxicants to make your immunity weak. In case you do get a little indulgent, make sure you drink about 6-8 glasses of water everyday to flush out the toxins.

Most of these are conveniently ignored by us in our everyday lives. A small change everyday is an excellent way of making a healthy lifestyle change.

Aloe Vera Plant Care

One of the popular medicinal plants, aloe vera is now widely grown for both therapeutic as well as ornamental purposes. Though this plant does not require diligent care, some basic requirements have to be met if you want to grow healthy ones.
Aloe vera plants are native to Africa and grow well in arid climates. With a little care, you can grow them in your home garden. Even though it is best as an outdoor plant, aloe vera is good for indoor gardening too, provided it gets sufficient light to grow. While those grown indoors may not flower, some of the outdoor plants may produce white, yellow, or orange blooms during summers.

How to Care for Aloe Vera Plants
It is not difficult to grow aloe vera at home, if you know the right methods. Aloe Vera plants can be bought from local nurseries or garden stores. Make sure to get healthy ones with no marks, blemishes, or spots. Those with dropping leaves must also be avoided. Older plants can be identified with overcrowded roots that may sometimes grow out of the pot. Avoid such plants too. Once you choose a healthy aloe vera, the next step is to plant it in a container. Some of the vital factors that affect the healthy growth of these plants are sunlight, water, and soil type.

Aloe vera plants need bright light for their growth, but harsh sunlight can sometimes damage the leaves. Dark brown or orange spots may appear on the leaves, indicating sunburn. These spots may be flaky and in some cases, the entire leaf may turn orange. Hence, it is better to keep the plant in a shaded location with indirect sunlight. If you want it as an indoor plant, then make sure that it gets sufficient bright light. You can keep it near an east- or west-facing window. If the pot is placed on a windowsill, then try to avoid direct sunlight. During winters, keep the plant indoors and ensure that it gets enough bright light.

The soil for planting aloe vera should be well-drained. A potting mix with sand, pumice, and perlite is suggested. Nowadays, commercial potting mixes are also available. You can go for pre-packaged ‘cacti and succulent mix’, as it facilitates good drainage. Diluted plant foods can be used (once a year) during spring. For indoor plants, an organic kelp fertilizer or worm castings will be beneficial.

Aloe vera has fleshy leaves, which enable the plant to store water. Hence, the water requirement of this plant is very low and over-watering can cause rotting. Water this plant only when the soil is dry. You can water it once or twice a month and very scarcely during winter. Always grow this plant in pots with drainage holes, as these holes help to drain out excess water.

A healthy aloe vera plant grows very fast and produces many shoots. If the plant has outgrown the pot and the pot is filled with roots, then you can start repotting. Don’t allow the new shoots to grow beyond 3 to 4 inches, as these shoots suck energy from the mother plant. This affects the health of the mother plant, which develops horizontal growth of leaves. Hence, remove the shoots when they are 3 to 4 inches long and replant them. It is beneficial to use terracotta pots, as they are porous and allow water drainage. It is better to go for wider pots rather than deeper ones, because the roots of this plant do not grow deep.

Water aloe vera plants at the time of replanting and avoid watering for the next three weeks. It is normal for these new plants to change their color to gray or brown, during the initial stages of replanting. If the leaves are growing flat, try to provide bright light. If the growth rate of the plant is very slow, then change the potting mixture and stop using fertilizers. Aloe vera plants cannot stand frost or snow. Hence, keep it indoors during such conditions.

Aloe Vera Problems
Though it is easy to grow aloe vera plants, unfavorable conditions may cause different problems-

  • The most common among them are discoloration and/or drooping of leaves. In such cases, you must suspect improper drainage, problems with access to light, or exposure to cold weather.
  • Though these plants need less water, total lack of hydration may make the leaves thin and curled. A slow-growing aloe vera may indicate over-watering or excess feeding.
  • Even lack of light and highly alkaline soil may slow down the growth of this plant.
  • If you want to harvest the leaves, go for the ones which are closest to the ground. However, make sure to use the clear gel inside the leaves, as the yellow sap beneath the green skin is toxic.
  • It is said that the yellow sap of aloe vera leaves may cause contact dermatitis in some people. So carefully remove the green skin and the yellow latex, before using the inner gel.
  • Ingestion of the yellow juice of aloe vera may cause abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and red urine. This plant (if ingested) is also toxic for pets like cats and dogs.

Prevent Pulmonary Edema

597104-32131-59Though pulmonary edema is not always preventable, certain measures taken at the right time, and in the right way, can reduce the risk to a great extent. Here, we will know the causes, symptoms, and some useful tips to prevent the leading cause of pulmonary edema.
Edema is a condition characterized by accumulation of fluid in the cavities and tissues of the body. Pulmonary edema is a buildup of fluid in the alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs. Air sacs are those parts of the lungs, that are associated with absorption of oxygen from the inhaled air and release of carbon dioxide from the blood. So, fluid accumulation in these parts will hinder respiration and lead to trouble in breathing along with other symptoms.

Without proper and timely medical attention, acute pulmonary edema can lead to complications that may sometimes result in death. Prevention of this condition may not be always possible. However, proper management of the underlying cause is the most practical thing to do, apart from switching to a healthy lifestyle. This Buzzle article will provide you with some tips to prevent pulmonary edema.

Causes

The most common cause for pulmonary edema is heart problems. The oxygenated blood from the alveoli reaches the left atrium of the heart through the pulmonary veins. From the left atrium, the blood passes to the left ventricle. When the left ventricle fails to pump out this blood to different parts of the body, the pressure inside the atrium, pulmonary vein, and the blood capillaries inside the lungs increases. This pressure causes flow of serous fluid in the blood to the alveoli or air sacs, thereby impairing the respiration process.

The common cardiogenic causes for pulmonary edema are cardiomyopathy, cardiac artery disease and heart attacks, valve problems, high blood pressure, etc. Other causes include pneumonia, kidney disease, lung damage, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, exposure to toxins, etc. Drowning may also cause pulmonary edema. Another cause is exposure to high altitudes. Mostly, this happens at higher elevations of more than 2,500 meters. Some people may develop the condition in lower altitudes too.

Symptoms and Treatment

As the condition interferes with respiration, breathing trouble is the most common symptom of pulmonary edema. Apart from that, the affected person may develop:

» A frothy sputum tinged with blood
» Wheezing
» Excessive sweating
» Coughing up blood
» Pale skin
» Rapid heartbeat

Some people develop the condition gradually, and in such cases, symptoms, like swollen ankles, frequent urination during the night, etc., may be seen. They may also experience difficulty in breathing while lying down and breathlessness during nighttime.

The mode of treatment for pulmonary edema is decided mainly on the basis of the underlying cause and severity of the condition. The accumulated fluid may be sucked out of the lungs using tubes or through an open surgery. Medication, like diuretics and narcotics are often administered to relieve the symptoms. Steps will be taken to control the blood pressure too. Oxygen may be given through a facial mask or nasal tube, or with the help of machines.

How to Avoid Pulmonary Edema

Treating the Underlying Cause: As mentioned above, there are certain medical conditions that can be considered as risk factors for pulmonary edema. Those with such medical conditions must make sure that they get proper treatment to cure or control the same.

Maintain Heart Health: As the main causes for pulmonary edema are heart problems, it is advisable to maintain the health of the organ in a proper way. Visit your doctor regularly, and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Control your blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. Both the conditions carry the risk of cardiovascular diseases that could cause pulmonary edema. While a healthy lifestyle can help you to prevent these problems, medical treatment may be required to control the same.

Have a balanced diet that is low in salt and fat. A diet that is rich in both is a definite cause for heart diseases in the long run. So, limit your intake to prevent such diseases and reduce the risk of pulmonary edema. Include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your diet.
Exercise regularly for at least 30 to 60 minutes daily. Aerobic activities are said to be the best for heart health. Consult your doctor, and adopt an exercise regimen that is suitable for you.

Maintain the ideal body weight. Being overweight is a risk factor for a host of medical conditions, including heart diseases and diabetes. So, it is highly necessary to maintain your ideal weight to prevent such medical conditions and the related complications.
Minimize stress and anxiety. Whenever it comes to heart health, stress is one of those factors that is often discussed. High levels of stress are linked to various medical conditions. Avoid stress, or else indulge in stress-relief activities, like meditation. Make sure to get enough sleep and rest.
Avoid smoking, alcohol, and illegal drugs. Smoking and excess alcohol intake are not considered good for the health of the heart as well as lungs. Illegal drugs may sometimes cause adverse reactions, like pulmonary edema.
Avoid Rapid Ascent to High Altitudes: According to experts, slow climbing, especially at higher altitudes, is always better to avoid pulmonary edema (high altitude pulmonary edema). Once you reach higher altitudes of around 2500 meters, avoid climbing more than 500 to 600 meters a day. There are certain medications that may prove beneficial in preventing pulmonary edema while climbing higher altitudes. Consult your doctor, and take the medicines as per his/her instructions.

Vaccination: Certain types of vaccines may help you in reducing the risk of pulmonary edema caused by some underlying diseases (that can be prevented with vaccination). As pneumonia is one of the possible causes of pulmonary edema, a vaccine against the disease may prove beneficial for those who are at a risk of developing the same. Even the flu vaccine is recommended in some cases.

Prevention of pulmonary edema may not be possible in some cases, but those in the high-risk group can try these precautionary measures. Otherwise too, a healthy lifestyle is considered as the most important factor for prevention of a host of medical conditions. If you happen to develop any of the symptoms mentioned above, contact your healthcare provider. Immediate medical attention must be sought in case of severe chest pain, excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat, pale skin, and breathing trouble.

Personal Hygiene

Personal hygiene is very important for living a healthy life free from diseases and disorders. Poor hygiene causes various skin conditions, bacterial and fungal infections, and unpleasant odor.

Personal hygiene is something all of us have learned at our homes, from our parents, and in early days of school. These good habits learned in the childhood are remembered and followed throughout the life and hence doctors, parents, and teachers give a special emphasis on these habits. Not only kids but adults are also required to know the importance of these habits to prevent any kind of diseases.
Personal Hygiene Tips for All of Us

Brush Your Teeth Thoroughly

Brushing the teeth twice or thrice in a day is necessary for good dental health. It has been observed that many people lack the knowledge of brushing the teeth properly. This may lead to various problems like tooth decay, gingivitis, toothache, etc. A person should visit a dentist once every 6 months to get his oral health checked. Also, you should change your toothbrush every 3 months to maintain the oral health. You should rinse your mouth at regular intervals during the day.

Bath Everyday

The most important tip would be to have a shower or a bath everyday. This will refresh you and keep you fresh throughout the day. Having a shower daily rids your body of bad odor.

Shampoo Your Hair

Apart from the body, keeping your hair clean is essential to maintain their health and make them look shiny and good. Use of a mild shampoo is recommended to keep your hair clean. Some may wash their hair daily to avoid the build up of oil and grease on them, whereas some prefer to wash their hair on alternate days to avoid them from drying out.

Cut Your Nails Properly

While washing all your body parts is essential, keeping the nails of the hands and the feet in good condition is also necessary. Clean your nails while bathing, and use a nail cutter to cut your nails to the proper length. By doing so, you can prevent the build up of germs and bacteria on your hands and also prevent them from entering your mouth. Biting nails in not a good habit and it should be avoided to prevent any problem related to the stomach.

Proper Haircut

Visiting the cutting salon and getting your haircut is a good practice. Washing your face few times a day is also a good habit. By doing so, all the dust and dirt particles which accumulate on the face are cleaned.

Comfy Clothes

The clothes which you wear should be made of a good material so that it absorbs sweat. They should not irritate your skin. Also, it is essential that you wash the clothes, so that they become free of dirt and sweat. Make sure that the clothes you wear fit you well, make you feel comfortable, and are not too tight. Apart from this you should avoid application of a very strong perfume on your clothes, as it can irritate your skin.

Wash Your Hands

Washing your hands with the help of an antiseptic soap or a hand wash is one of the most important personal hygiene tip. You should wash your hands before and after eating your food, after coming home from outside, after using the toilet, etc. to make your hands free from disease-causing germs. Failure to do so can invite infections and diseases, which may require many days of treatment for complete cure.

Purified Drinking Water

You should be very careful about the kind of food you eat. Ensure that it is healthy and has all the essential nutrients required by the body. You should also make sure that the water which you drink is clean, as contaminated water can cause many water-borne diseases. Keep the surroundings clean to avoid various diseases. Also, regular exercises should be performed to stay fit.
Bad habits like chewing tobacco and smoking should be given up as early as possible.

Tips to Keep Your Child Healthy

Making children understand the importance of a healthy body and lifestyle is becoming increasingly difficult for most parents. In this article, we’ve given you some useful tips that you can use to ensure that your kids stay healthy and fit.
It’s a common misconception that growing kids can eat anything and everything they want, and will still stay healthy because they’re naturally active. Genetic factors are a consideration, but many children are imitating bad habits they see in their parents. This includes a poor diet, with a reliance on fast foods or processed foods, and not exercising. Until a few years back, parents found it hard to believe that children need a diet and fitness plan. They thought it was something only the grown-ups needed―grown-ups that weren’t in shape. After all the awareness child obesity statistics created, parents have now understood the importance of a healthy lifestyle for their kids.

The average child today spends around 24 hours a week watching television. The increased popularity of computer and video games means kids may spend even less time engaging in physical activities. Just like overweight adults, overweight children are at a greater risk of illness and disease.

What You Can Do

☛ Don’t criticize or blame your child of being overweight. Talk with him about your concerns regarding his weight and health. Teach him to accept and feel good about himself.

☛ Do a reality check and see if your lifestyle needs any changes. Be a role model by paying attention to your own diet, fitness regime, and lifestyle; not being obsessed with it at the same time. Show him that you are confident about your body.

☛ Get moving and make exercise a family affair. There are plenty of activities that you can enjoy together. Plan family outings that include physical activities, such as biking, trekking, or swimming.

☛ Practice healthy eating. Families today are busier than ever, but that doesn’t mean you have to give up on nutrition. Many cookbooks feature fast, healthy recipes. Provide nutritious snacks and teach your child to make healthy food choices on his own.

☛ Just a few habit changes in your family can make a big difference. Discourage him from eating in front of the TV or the computer. More often than not, kids get so lost in front of their T.V. sets (like we all do, from time to time), that they tend to eat in excess. Eat together as a family as much as possible, encourage him to eat slowly, and learn to enjoy good food. Invite your child to participate in food choice and preparation.

☛ For more information on healthy eating and exercise, talk to a registered dietician or a professional trainer, particularly one who has experience of dealing with children. If you feel that your child’s weight might cause serious health problems, consult a physician/pediatrician immediately.

It’s never too early to start a healthy diet and fitness regime for your child, and never too late for you to make the switch to a healthy lifestyle. Eat healthy and eat right!

Good Mental Health

Mental health literally means our emotional, social, and psychological well-being. In order to lead a happy and smooth-sailing life, it is important to maintain your mental health.
The rigors of daily life often take a toll on our mental health, and under such circumstances, we experience negative feelings like anger, anxiety, depression, etc. However, such emotions can be controlled, if we do some simple things that give us positivity. Here are some essential tips to stay positive despite all adversities.

Share your Feelings
Sharing feelings is a very good idea, because when you speak about your feelings, you get a clear picture of your own thoughts. Also, the person listening to you, can give you some fresh insights or valuable suggestions. In case, you don’t have anybody to share your feelings with, call up or write to a helpline. They can provide you with information on where to go for help.

Pen Down your Feelings on Paper
Write down all those thoughts, that are bothering you a lot, on a piece of paper. It helps to offload the heaviness of your mind. As a result, with a light mind you can think of better solutions for your problems (if there are any). This is good, particularly for people who are introverted. Many people keep a record of their thoughts and feelings on a regular basis. It helps them to be aware of and deal with changes in their thoughts over time.

Keep your Goals Real
We should set goals for ourselves to move forward in life, but the goals should be real and achievable, or else, it may add up to your stress. Do not expect too much from yourself. Our long term goals often appear too distant and unachievable. So, it is better to break up the long-term goals into a series of short-term goals. Chalk out a plan to complete each short term goal. Make changes in those plans, as and when required. Lastly, do not forget to compliment yourself generously, each time you succeed in achieving a goal.

Maintain Physical Fitness
Do some physical exercises regularly to keep your body fit. If you are not interested in hitting the gym every day, then start playing your favorite sport or just go for a brisk walk on alternate days. When you are physically active, your body releases some useful chemicals that make you feel better.

Eat Healthy, Sleep Well
Take a good, healthy, and balanced diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. Research has shown that when you eat good food, it makes you feel better. Along with diet, proper sleep routine is also extremely important. A good eight hours night sleep helps you stay fresh and healthy throughout the day. On the contrary, lack of sleep may lead to problems like fatigue and irritation all through the following day and it may also pass on to the next day.

Avoid too much Alcohol
When one is feeling low or has a restless mind, one tends to consume alcohol to feel better. But that ‘better’ feeling is temporary. For the long term, alcohol is not good for mind or body. Consumption of alcohol can also lead to sleep disturbances .

Be Social
Your friends and relatives can make a lot of difference to your life. So, try to be in touch with them. However, sometimes, you may find it difficult to contact your loved ones, especially when you have experienced a bad day at work or college. Get rid of that inhibition as fast as possible. Make some extra efforts and give a call or send an email or a text message. The support that you receive from the person will help to lift up your mood within some time.

Listen to Music
Music has great healing powers, as it helps you to unwind your mind. It works wonders to uplift your mood and energize you. When you feel low, you can listen to songs that deeply touch your emotions. Some songs might remind you about certain special moments of your life and bring forth the inner joy.

Seek Help from Professionals
In case of some adverse situations, we tend to feel depressed. However, if the depression continues for a long time, you should opt for professional help without any hesitation. Remember, if you have identified your problem and are seeking for help, it shows your strength, not your weakness. It is one of the best ways to resolve your tensions.

Our wellness largely depends on the state of our mental health. Our abilities, disabilities, and productivity are all dependent on our mental fitness. The best way to keep our mind free from all anxieties, is to nurture only positive thoughts.

Healthy for Seniors

It is said that health is wealth. As people grow old, they are more prone to health disorders such as obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and heart diseases. Most of these diseases occur due to inactivity and consumption of spicy foods. Aging causes several disorders such as constipation, indigestion and irritable bowel syndromes. Senior citizens may suffer from poor eyesight, hearing loss and fatigue. Therefore, it is necessary to check the blood glucose level, blood pressure level and cholesterol level for a sound health. Given below are a few tips which will help them stay fit and healthy for a long time.

Proper Diet
Food plays a vital role in maintaining a sound health. Nutritious foods like leafy vegetables, cereals, grains, fresh salads, and fruits should be a part of daily diet. It is best to opt for a low fat diet to keep the cholesterol level under control. Besides, seniors should consume lots of spinach, nuts, beans that have enough magnesium necessary to maintain blood pressure.

Adequate Hydration
Water is another important element that keeps a person hydrated and helps in curing diseases such as dehydration and constipation.

Avoid Fast Food
Fast foods or processed foods have adverse effects on the body despite their delicious taste. Therefore, seniors should minimize the intake of processed food. Instead of oily fried foods they should consume boiled, baked, steamed or grilled foods.

Regular Exercise
Exercise keeps the body fit and healthy. Therefore, one should do exercise on a regular basis. Besides, exercises like aerobics can enliven the mind with zest and enthusiasm.

Weight Loss
Senior citizens tend to put on weight because of their sedentary lifestyle. This is bad for their health and can lead to many health hazards such as obesity, unreasonable fatigue and risk of high cholesterol level. Therefore, they should try to lose excess weight by doing exercises and yoga.

Reduce Stress and Anxiety
Senior citizens face a lot of stress as they grow older. Often they are overloaded with varied tensions and insecurities. This anxiety or tension may cause heartburn, panic attacks, acid indigestion and constipation. Therefore it is mandatory for them to reduce the excess amount of stress and anxiety. Relaxation techniques like listening to music, imagining beautiful objects, watching TV, sharing sorrows with near and dear ones may help them to fight against stress. These techniques help in building self-confidence, decisive power and positive thinking.

Physical Activity
Some amount of moderate physical activities such as gardening, cooking, walking, swimming, jogging, etc., are good for health and keep the body fit to fight against diseases.

Avoid Smoking and Alcoholic Drinks
It is known to all that alcohol addiction and cigarette is injurious to health. Therefore, it is better to avoid smoking and consumption of alcoholic drinks.

Laughter Therapy
Laughter is another element that can assist in healthy living. It lifts one’s spirit and provides physiological benefits too.

Regular Health Checkup
A senior citizen should undergo medical checkup on a regular basis. It includes, measuring the blood pressure, ENT and ophthalmic checkup. Those who develop hearing loss can use hearing aids for better hearing effect.

It is very important for senior citizens to keep fit, physically as well as mentally. It is equally important to be realistic and maintain a happy sexual relationship. Here, love, understanding and mutual co-operation between the couple play a major role.